Если вы похожи на большинство людей, вы, вероятно, чувствуете себя немного безнадежно в отношении изменения климата и ущерба, который мы нанесли нашей планете. Но теперь есть новый способ взглянуть на изменение климата, и как с ним бороться, который может превратить эту безнадежность в надежду. Изменение климата, как мы знаем, связано с избытком углерода в нашей атмосфере. Но углерод не враг нам. Это строительный блок жизни. Все живое сделано из него, даже мы. Проблема — это вопрос баланса.
Climate change (Изменение климата)
If you’re like most people you’re probably feeling a little hopeless about climate change and the damage we’ve done to our planet. But now there is a new way to look at climate change and how to deal with it that might just turn that hopelessness into hope. Climate change as we know is all about too much carbon in our atmosphere. But carbon is not our enemy. It’s the building block of life. Everything alive is made of it even us. The problem an the solution are simply a matter of balance.
Let’s step back and look at the five pools where carbon is stored on planet Earth. Starting about 500 million years ago when plants first appeared on land carbon began to cycle in an amazing balance between these pools. A balance that allowed for life as we know it to evolve. Then one life form that would be us figured out how to extract carbon from the fossil pool which was pretty much a time-out zone for carbon.
Перемещение углерода в атмосферу
We’ve been burning it for energy putting into plants and disrupting that balance. The way we manage land and do agriculture is moving even more carbon into the atmosphere. Specifically, we’ve moved 880 billion tons of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere which is heating up the planet and changing our climate. The oceans have absorbed a lot of this excess carbon throwing off the oceans’ balance resulting in ocean acidification and accelerating a mass extinction of sea life.
So in order to save the life, we need to stop burning fossil carbon. The big question is where do we put this excess carbon get the cycle back in balance? The good news is that the answer is literally right under our feet. It’s the soil. Plants using sunlight and water naturally perform photosynthesis.
Естественная технология природы
They pull carbon in from the air and turn it into carbohydrates — sugars. Then they pump some of these sugars down through the roots to feed microorganisms who use that carbon to build healthy soil. Carbon moved. The plants pump it in and the soil stores it. Nature’s living technology is amazing. Scientists have recently discovered that applying a thin layer of compost can help regenerate healthy soil, setting up an ongoing feedback loop that brings more and more carbon into the soil each year.
Больше углерода в почву
Together with other regenerative practices like not tilling the soil, planting trees and cover crops and planned grazing we can build and retain billions of tons of soil carbon. This is carbon forming. This is regenerative agriculture. Unlike more carbon in the atmosphere more carbon in the ground is good for us. It makes healthy soil which is nutrient-rich and full of life and holds way more water. This means more nutritious food and crops that are more resilient in the face of drought.
Регенерация почвы — задача нашего поколения.
That’s good news for farmers, families and everyone who eats. Remember this. The way we grow our food, fibre and fuel either puts carbon up into our atmosphere or pulls it down into the ground. Regeneration of soil is the task of our generation. Our health, the health of our soils and the health of our planet are one in the same.
Ссылки на тексты по другим темам на английском размещены в статье Письменный английский.